The ancient Egyptians called the desert land close to the banks of the Nile River the red land. The desert on the east of the Nile River is now called the Eastern Desert, and the desert to the west of the Nile River is the Libyan Desert.
The Eastern Desert extends from the Nile River to the Red Sea and is very mountainous. The Libyan Desert is a portion of the Sahara. This region of Egypt has massive sand dunes and is not very inhabitable. There are some settlements in the Libyan Desert near oases in the desert. The pyramids are located in the Libyan Desert.