Germany is located in western and central Europe, where the main biome (a bioclimatic zone) is temperate deciduous forest. This type of forest is characterized by trees that lose their leaves in winter, a rich variety of undergrowth and an abundance of different types of animals.
Biome is a term that describes a distinct region on Earth with its own climate and predominant animals and plants. These elements are interconnected, and a change in one causes a change in the others. For instance, deforestation results in loss of species. A small drop or increase in temperature can cause a decline in the numbers of certain insects. The species of bird that depends on that insect for food may then also decline.
In the temperate deciduous forest, common tree species are beech, elm, oak and willow. Animals that can be found in a temperate forest include foxes, rabbits, black bears, wolves and various types of birds. There are four distinct seasons. Soils of temperate forests are fertile.
Forests are important biomes because they are home to flora and fauna. Among the animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms that forests support, there are many crucial to the economy, nutrition and health of humans. For instance, bees pollinate many cereal and vegetable plants that humans eat.