When did Spain become independent?


Quick Answer

Although there is no exact date for Spain's national independence day, the defeat of Granada in 1492 marked the rise of what is considered modern-day Spain. Granada was the last significant fortification of the Muslims who occupied the country from the 8th century C.E. until the late 15th century.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

Throughout its long history, Spain has been repeatedly occupied and settled by various groups of people, including the Iberians, Celts and Basques. In 206 B.C.E., the nation became a territory of the ancient Roman Empire before it was overtaken by Visigoths in 412 C.E. Under the leadership of Tariq, Spain was conquered by Islamic forces in 711 C.E. After almost 7 centuries under Muslim rule, a small Christian faction from the north launched a reconquest effort, which ended in the capture of Granada. This event led to the union of major Spanish kingdoms.

Learn more about Europe

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where is Spain?

    A: Spain is at 40 degrees latitude and 4 degrees longitude on the Iberian Peninsula. It is in southwest Europe and borders France, Portugal, Andorra and Gibra... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    In which hemisphere is Spain?

    A: Spain is in three hemispheres: the Northern Hemisphere, the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere. The Prime Meridian, which divides the Eastern an... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where in Spain is Mallorca?

    A: Mallorca is not in Spain proper but is an island in the Mediterranean about 130 miles from Barcelona. It is the largest of the Balearic Islands at about 1,... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Spain's climate?

    A: The three major climates of Spain are Continental, Mediterranean and Oceanic. However, the Pyrenees have an Alpine climate. The Canary Islands have a semi-... Full Answer >
    Filed Under: