When Did Spain Become Independent?

Although there is no exact date for Spain's national independence day, the defeat of Granada in 1492 marked the rise of what is considered modern-day Spain. Granada was the last significant fortification of the Muslims who occupied the country from the 8th century C.E. until the late 15th century.

Throughout its long history, Spain has been repeatedly occupied and settled by various groups of people, including the Iberians, Celts and Basques. In 206 B.C.E., the nation became a territory of the ancient Roman Empire before it was overtaken by Visigoths in 412 C.E. Under the leadership of Tariq, Spain was conquered by Islamic forces in 711 C.E. After almost 7 centuries under Muslim rule, a small Christian faction from the north launched a reconquest effort, which ended in the capture of Granada. This event led to the union of major Spanish kingdoms.