Saddam Hussein rose to power by maintaining his allegiance to the radical, Pan-Arab Ba'ath Party and ruthlessly eliminating all rivals. He joined the party as a teenager in Baghdad.Continue Reading
Saddam Hussein was involved with a plot to assassinate then-Prime Minister Abdul Karim Kassem in 1959 and had to flee to Egypt. A succession of coups and political upheaval finally put the Ba'ath Party in power in 1963. There was a counter-coup and Hussein was imprisoned until 1966, when the party came back to power under Hassan Al-Bakr, who was a relative of Hussein.
Saddam Hussein occupied several posts in the government that helped to consolidate his power base. When Al-Bakr retired in 1979, Hussein was named as president and to consolidate his power, he promptly had his political rivals executed. At the same time, he increased oil revenues and spent money on schools, hospitals and other social programs.Learn more about Geography
Notable events of 1979 include the Iranian hostage crisis, the establishment of an Islamic Republic in Iran, and Saddam Hussein coming to power, events with long-reaching consequences into the 21st century. The year also marked some historic firsts, with Margaret Thatcher becoming the first female prime minister of Great Britain, Pope John Paul II becoming the first pope to visit a communist country, and Pluto entering Neptune's orbit for the first time in recorded history.Full Answer >
United States military action against Iraq began during March of 2003 for the stated purpose of removing Saddam Hussein, the country's leader, from power as a means of preventing his use of suspected stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction, or WMD. A coalition of forces that included troops from England, Australia and Denmark captured Iraq's capital, Baghdad, in a little less than 3 weeks after the invasion began. U.S. President George W. Bush delivered a televised "Mission Accomplished" speech on May 3, 2003 from the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln, and declared the war a victory over Iraq's defeated conventional forces.Full Answer >
Stalin came to power when Lenin died in 1924 by outmaneuvering his rivals to become the head of the Communist Party and then the dictator of the Soviet Union. Lenin was exiled in Switzerland in 1912 when he appointed Joseph Stalin to serve for the Bolshevik Party on the first Central Committee.Full Answer >
The numbers and graphics on a diesel engine specification sheet describe the power, torque, torque rise and fuel consumption of the engine. Most sheets show measurements in both SI metric units and older SAE units.Full Answer >