Ontario's population increased by about 128,000 residents between 2013 and 2014. An estimated 13,678,700 people resided in Ontario as of 2014. At the 2011 Census, there were 12,851,821 residents in Ontario, 691,359 more than at the 2006 Census.
Populations for metropolitan areas in 2011 include Toronto with 5,583,064 people; Ottawa, which shares 1,236,324 residents with Gatineau, Quebec; Hamilton with 721,053 residents; and the Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo area with 477,160 people. Toronto is Canada's most populated metropolitan area and Ottawa-Gatineau is fourth nationally. Other Ontario cities with more than 100,000 residents include London, Windsor, Guelph and Thunder Bay. The next Canadian census is scheduled for 2016.