The tribal groups of the Pacific Northwest occupied areas as far south as California, east to the Rocky Mountains, north to Alaska, and west to the Pacific Ocean. There were dozens of different individual tribal groups, each with a distinct culture and language, and unique traditions.Continue Reading
These groups utilized a number of different societal types, based on the regions where they lived. Some, like the Nez Perce, were nomadic, while many coastal groups, such as the Tlingit and Makah, built permanent townships and communal buildings.
Although there was a variety of cultural groups, they all shared several things in common. For example, each tribe relied on annual salmon runs for a majority of their winter stores. Unlike plains tribes, which relied on abundant buffalo herds, the most plentiful source of protein in the Northwest has traditionally been found in rivers, lakes, streams and the ocean itself. This is why many tribal groups developed along the coastal region, and why many of the great rivers in the region, such as the Columbia, Okanagan and Snake, hold significance even today. In the days before Manifest Destiny became a part of American culture, these rivers virtually teamed with fish during the spawning period for native Pacific salmon. Today, those runs are greatly diminished because of commercial fishing and the damming of these great rivers.Learn more about The West
California comprises 155,779 square miles of land, making it the third largest American state behind Alaska and Texas. It is divided into 58 counties and is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and Arizona to the southeast.Full Answer >
Landslides occur throughout the entire United States, but are more prevalent in certain areas of Hawaii and Alaska and in the Rocky Mountains, Appalachian Mountains and the Pacific Coastal Ranges. Landslides are most likely to happen on oversteepened slopes that fail structurally as a result of snow melting, excessive rainfall, or erosion by glaciers, ocean waves and rivers.Full Answer >
The Snake River begins in Yellowstone National Park in the state of Wyoming and joins the Columbia River, the largest river in the Pacific Northwest, near Pasco, Wash. The Snake River is the Columbia River's largest tributary. It is approximately 1,040 miles long.Full Answer >
The Rocky Mountains, commonly known as the Rockies, pass through the states of New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. Extending between the United States and northwestern Canada, the Rockies contain more than 40 separate mountain ranges. The width of the Rocky Mountain system varies between 70 and 300 miles.Full Answer >