Niagara Falls is the name for the three large waterfalls that straddle the border between the United States and Canada. The name Niagara comes from a Native American word that means thundering water.
The three waterfalls are the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The Horseshoe Falls are located primarily within Canada, while the American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls lie entirely within the United States. The Horseshoe Falls are the most powerful waterfall in North America.
Niagara Falls is located 17 miles from Buffalo, N.Y., and 75 miles from Toronto. The international boundary line was initially made through Horseshoe Falls in 1819, but this has since caused great debate due to construction and natural erosion.