While most accounts agree that the state name "Illinois" comes from the tribe of Native Americans living there when the area was first explored by Europeans, exactly who brought the name into the English language is not clear. Folk etymologies have arisen to explain the name, although they do not necessarily align with the linguistic evidence.Continue Reading
The name "Illinois" comes from the Ojibwe word "ilinwe" or its plural, "ilinwek." When French explorers and missionaries came to the region, they transliterated the "-we" ending as "-ois" in keeping with French pronunciation at the time. While folk etymologies have reported that this word meant "tribe of superior men," actually it meant something like "he speaks the regular way." The first spelling of the area as "Illinois" occurred as early as the 1670s.
One story regarding the derivation of the word "Illinois" is that Jesuit missionary Father Jacques Marquette learned the word when he arrived in the region in 1674 and asked the people there who they were. Marquette reportedly claimed that "Illinois" meant "the men." Other folk etymology claims state that French explorer Robert de la Salle named the Illinois River after the tribes he found living in the region in 1679, and that the state was later named after the river.Learn more about The Midwest
The Cheyenne are a tribe of Great Plains Native Americans that originate from Montana, Minnesota and Oklahoma. Due to relocation, they now consist of two tribes, the southern and the northern, and reside in Oklahoma and Montana.Full Answer >
Springfield is the capitol of Illinois, as of 2014. The Illinois state government has been functioning in Springfield since 1839, and several buildings have served as its capitol since then. The sixth and current building is at the corner of Capitol Avenue and Second Street.Full Answer >
Landforms in Illinois include prominent lakes, including Lake Michigan, the Mississippi River, Shawnee Hills region and the American Corn Belt. Illinois contains primarily flat lands, making it ideal for large-scale agricultural production. With a relatively flat land surface, Illinois lacks undulating terrain and mountains found in other states, but contains numerous lakes, rivers and forests.Full Answer >
Rosehill, Graceland and the Bohemian National Cemetery are three of the largest cemeteries in Illinois. Rosehill cemetery is the largest cemetery in the city of Chicago.Full Answer >