The British won the Battle of Britain by preventing Nazi Germany from gaining air superiority over western France and the English Channel. This resulted in Germany having to cancel plans for the amphibious invasion of Great Britain.
The Battle of Britain was an aerial battle spanning over three months in 1940. During that time, the British suffered the loss of 1,023 aircraft. The Germans lost 1,887 aircraft. The Battle of Britain also involved the bombing of British cities by the Germans. This left 23,002 British civilians dead and 32,138 wounded. The commander of the Royal Air Forces during the battle was Air Marshal Hugh Dowding. The German commander was Hermann Goring.