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What are some Delaware state facts for kids?

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Quick Answer

One of the most important fact about Delaware that children should know is that Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States Constitution. Hence, Delaware was officially the first state to join the union.

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Another fact for children is where the name of the state originated. Delaware was named after the Delaware River; the river's name comes from Thomas West, third Baron De La Warr; he was the sitting governor of Virginia when the river was first explored. The state bird is the blue hen, a fighting rooster. Delaware infantrymen were compared to these fierce birds during the Revolutionary War.

Delaware has several distinctions when compared to the other 49 states. It has the lowest elevation and the least number of counties; three in total. With a total of 1,982 square miles, Delaware is the second smallest state; Rhode Island being first. Delaware has two distinctions in terms of its economy: as of 2015, it is one of only five states to not have a state sales tax and because of lenient banking laws, over 50 percent of all publicly traded companies are incorporated in Delaware.

Delaware stayed with the Union states during the Civil War, even though it was a border slaveholding state. By the start of the Civil War, less than 10 percent of the black residents were slaves, and most white Delaware constituents were opposed to slavery. Still, a majority of Delaware constituents voted for President Lincoln's political adversary in both the 1860 and 1864 election.

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