According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Curaçao is an island in the Caribbean Sea, located around 37 miles north of Venezuela's coastline. It is at near the southwest extreme of the Lesser Antilles and remains under Dutch control as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The capital city of Curaçao is Willemstad. The Spanish were the first settlers, arriving in 1527. The Dutch settled the island and made it an important trade center for the Dutch West India Company. Curaçao had a turbulent history and was invaded by competing privateers several times. The Dutch have been in control of Curaçao since 1816.