The island nation of Cuba is located south of the Bahamas and the United States. Jamaica and the Cayman Islands are south of Cuba, and the Dominican Republic's island of Hispaniola is southeast of the small island nation. The last country, Mexico, is located west of Cuba. Cuba is the largest island located in the Caribbean.
The capital of Cuba is Havana, which is the largest city, next to the city of Santiago de Cuba. It is described as three cities in one and has a population of 3 million. Cuba uses two different currencies: the peso and the convertible peso. The most spoken language on the island is Spanish, with Haitian Creole being the second most used language.
As of 2014, the son of Fidel Castro, Raul Castro, is Cuba's president. Sixty percent of Cuba's people are Christian, with about 60 percent of those belonging to the Roman Catholic Church. Although there are some restrictions on religious freedoms in Cuba, there are small numbers of practicing Muslims, Jews and Baha'i who openly celebrate their religions.
Jan. 1 is celebrated as Cuban National Day. The holiday was founded on 1959 to celebrate the victory of Cuba's revolution by Fidel Castro.