What Crops Are Grown in Alabama?

Farmers in Alabama grow cotton, corn, soybeans and peanuts, as well as many fruit and vegetable crops, sorghum and sod. Cotton was the main crop in the state until the boll weevil blight that began in 1915 forced the state to diversify its agricultural industry. Cotton remains important to the farming industry in Alabama, but it only represents a small portion of the nation’s cotton supply as of 2014.

A wide variety of fruit crops are grown in the state. They include nectarines, plums, grapes, peaches, blueberries and strawberries. Watermelon is also very abundant in Alabama. Vegetable crops are not as abundant as the fruit crops. They include sweet potatoes, tomatoes, sweet corn and potatoes. Other corn crops apart from sweet corn are used for grains and feeding the state’s livestock.

The state possesses a great amount of sod production that is produced and sold in nurseries and greenhouses. Some areas of Alabama grow sorghum, which has been susceptible to sugarcane aphids, but researchers let the farmers know when the these or other crop-destroying insects are accumulating.

Most of Alabama’s agricultural revenue comes from raising livestock. The areas that produce crops contribute around 18 percent of the state’s overall revenue.