Mexico and the Bahamas are the nations in the Western Hemisphere that the Tropic of Cancer passes through. It is located at 23.5 degrees north latitude. The Tropic of Cancer represents the imaginary line where the sun shines directly overhead at 12:00 p.m. on June 21.
June 21 is the summer solstice, or the first day of summer, in the Northern Hemisphere. The counterpart of the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, is located at 23.5 degrees south latitude. It represents the imaginary line at which the sun shines directly overhead at noon on December 21, which is the first day of summer for the Southern Hemisphere. The area between the two Tropic lines is called the tropics. This area experiences little to no change between seasons.