Stonehenge is situated in Wiltshire, England, which is located approximately 10 miles north of Salisbury in the southern region of the United Kingdom. Stonehenge is a prehistoric stone monument that has a circular shape. This archaeological site dates back to approximately 3000 B.C. when the Neolithic people of this region began its construction.
This massive monument was built in three stages. The first phase of construction was nearly 5,000 years ago and entailed digging a huge circular ditch and bank. The second phase involved the placement of 80 bluestones in an upright position, which were arranged in either a horseshoe or circular shape. In the third stage of construction, the larger sarsen trilithons were put in place in the center of the circle. This last construction phase occurred around 2,000 B.C. These larger stones weigh over 45 tons.
Although the exact purpose for building this mysterious monument is not entirely known, there is some evidence that at one time it was used as a burial site. This monument also may have served as a site for religious or spiritual ceremonies.
The building of Stonehenge was a great engineering feat for these ancient people, and sections of it are still in evidence today. Stonehenge was designated a World Heritage site in 1986. The site attracts thousands of visitors each year.