Chile owns Easter Island. It was first inhabited by Polynesians, who call it Rapa Nui. Though the Dutch gave it its modern name in 1722, and it was visited by the English explorer James Cook, Easter Island was annexed by Chile in 1888.
By the time the Chileans took over Easter Island, its population had been decimated by wars, slave raids and disease. Easter Islanders are now considered full citizens of Chile.
Easter Island is famous for nearly 900 mysterious, 13-foot-tall, 13-ton statues called moai. As of 2014, no one knows who brought them to the site or what their purpose is.