The region of Hong Kong is in the China, along the country's southern coast. Hong Kong shares a northern land border with mainland China and is neighbored by the South China Sea to the south, east and west.
Hong Kong is separated into four main areas totalling 421 square miles of land. The peninsular regions of Kowloon and the New Territories account for the bulk of this area. The latter links Hong Kong to mainland China. Hong Kong Island is the center of the territory and includes the capital. The Outlying Islands consist of the other 234 islands in close proximity to Hong Kong. While the Chinese government controls Hong Kong's foreign affairs and military defense, the territory is governed by its own constitution. The Hong Kong Basic Law, drafted in 1997, protects individual freedoms and guarantees free enterprise, free trade and low taxes for at least 50 years.