Countries forming the United Kingdom are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. These countries exist as an island nation, sharing a land border with only one other state, the Republic of Ireland. The countries in the U.K. enjoy recognition as distinct countries with their own borders, but share commonalities such as government and monetary system.
The U.K. has a population of approximately 65 million residents. People speak many languages in the U.K., including English, Scottish, Welsh and Gaelic. In addition to its major countries, the U.K. includes numerous outlying islands in its domain. Within the U.K., England takes first place as the most populous nation. It also serves as home to London, England's capital and the U.K.'s premier economic center
England forms a western border with Wales while Scotland lies to its north. Despite associating with other countries in the U.K., only a small distance separates England from other nations in Europe, such as France. The U.K. classifies as a constitutional monarchy and has a parliament government. Nations within the U.K. enjoy a primarily peaceful co-existence, although disputes sometimes arise between and among countries, and relationships among the U.K. members vary. The U.K. enjoys a strong economy and developed military.