What Are the Countries Surrounding France?

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The countries that are immediately on the border of France are Germany, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Italy and Andorra. France also has a total of 2,130 miles of coastline facing the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

France has a total land area of 211,208 square miles, making it the largest country in Western Europe and the third largest in Europe. The only European countries larger than France are Russia and the Ukraine. The country also has the third highest peak in Europe, which is Mont Blanc at 15,772 feet. The lowest point in France is located at the Rhone River Delta at 7 feet below sea level. Because of the large size of France, the country has three different climate types and these are Mediterranean, continental and oceanic.

The official name of France is actually the French Republic. The Constitution of France adopted in a referendum in October 1958 that declared its government as secular and democratic. France has a number of territories and overseas collectivities outside of its country in Western Europe. France has five collectivities and these include French Polynesia, Saint Martin, and Wallis and Fortuna. The French Republic also has one overseas territory, one sui generis collectivity and one island possession.