Italy shares borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. It also shares borders with the microstates San Marino and Vatican City, both of which it completely surrounds.
In addition to the Italian Peninsula, Italy encompasses Sicily, Sardinia, and a number of smaller islands in the Mediterranean. Italy also has an exclave, Campione d'Italia, situated within Switzerland near the Italian border. Campione d'Italia is separated from the rest of Italy by impassable mountains. The French Mediterranean island of Corsica lies quite close to Sardinia, and the independent country of Malta lies close to the coast of Sicily. The Mediterranean Sea gives Italy water access to the other countries of the region, including Spain, Greece and Egypt.