South America has two countries that start with the letter P: Peru, which is on the west coast, and Paraguay in the center. Panama, in the southern part of Central America, is not far away. Poland is in north-central Europe, and Portugal is in western Europe.
Several countries in the Pacific also begin with "P." Papua New Guinea is on an island just north of Australia. Palau is located on several islands south of the Philippines. Pakistan is on the Indian subcontinent and surrounded by Afghanistan, Iran, India and the Arabian Sea. The Palestinian State does not formally exist in the Middle East, but it is a proposed country.