Italy borders the countries of Austria, France, Slovenia and Switzerland. The nation is situated in Southern Europe, comprising a peninsula that extends into the Mediterranean Sea. Italy also includes the islands of Sardinia and Sicily.
Italy covers a total area of about 116,000 square miles, making it the 72nd largest country in the world. It has a coastline of about 4,700 miles, including Sardinia and Sicily. The capital and largest city of Italy is Rome. The nation has a population of approximately 61.7 million people, as of 2014, making it the 24th most populated country in the world. Italy's terrain is characterized as primarily rugged and mountainous, and the climate is mostly Mediterranean.