The countries that the Nile River runs through include Egypt, Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Uganda and Ethiopia. The Nile River begins at Lake Victoria in Uganda and ends at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. Its mouth leads to the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Egypt.
Major cities that the Nile River passes through include Luxor, Alexandria, Cairo and Karhtoum. Its proximity to major cities made it the primary source of water to both Egypt and Sudan. This water is used for drinking and irrigation. The Nile is also home to a wide variety of crocodiles that make nests and lay eggs along the banks of the river. Turtles, baboons, wildebeests and numerous species of birds and fish also make their homes in or near the Nile.
The Nile River is the longest river in the world with a length of over 4,100 miles. It was named after the Greek word "Neilos," which means "river valley." The Nile is known for its ability to produce soil that is extremely fertile, and because of this, it was used for agriculture during ancient times. The fertile soil also led to an increase in the level of civilization in the area as people looked to move away from the dry desert land of Egypt.