As of 2014, there are 12 sovereign nations with names that begin with the letter "T," including Taiwan, Turkey, Tonga, Togo, Turkmenistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Tanzania and Tunisia. There are other places with names that start with the letter "t" that may be thought of as being independent nations, but these are actually territories of a colonizing entity. For example, Turks and Caicos, a popular Caribbean vacation destination, is a British Overseas Territory that has a domestic government, including a governor, but it is ultimately considered part of the sovereign state of the United Kingdom.
The number of countries that start with the letter "T" may change with time due to political changes and boundary redrawing. Some of these nations have been in existence with their current name for years, while others have gone by different names in the past. For example, the Southeast Asian nation of Thailand was once known as Siam, but it has been internationally known as Thailand since 1939. Thailand is also an example of a nation whose English name begins with the letter "T," but whose own name in its native language begins with alphabet characters that do not exist in English.