The countries that make up the continental area of Oceania are typically considered Australia, New Zealand, Micronesia, Fiji and all of Polynesia, as well as New Guinea, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, the Soloman Islands, the Maluku Islands and Papua. Some parts of the Philippines are also considered part of Oceania.
Oceania is the region around the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. There are various exact parameters of Oceania depending on its usage as a geopolitical area, an ecozone or a continent. The exact countries that comprise each category varies, although each consists of at least some of the countries noted above. For example, Oceania is also the name of one of eight terrestrial ecozones. However, New Zealand, New Guinea, Melanesia apart from Fiji, and Australia all make up the separate Australasian ecozone. Those countries are generally included when the name Oceania is used as a continent.
The broadest definition of Oceania refers to the regions between Asia and the Americas and therefore includes islands such as the Aleutian Islands and Taiwan.
The term "Oceania" was given to the area by the French-Danish geographer Contrade Malte-Brun. The French word "Oceania" derives from the Greek word for ocean. Unlike other continents, the name is after a body of water, as it is the ocean that connects the countries and territories rather than a land mass.