The exact borders of the land known as Canaan are unknown, but it is thought to be the footprint of modern-day Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. In Greek history, Canaan is Phoenicia.
The origins of the name "Canaan" are a mystery to scholars. The Greek word "Phoenicia" was a reference to the purple dye that the country was famous for producing. The Bible, however, attributes the name "Canaan" to the grandson of Noah. Canaan is most well known as the "promised land" to which Moses led the Israelites after they fled Egypt. It is known of Canaanite society that women enjoyed great freedom. The Canaanites were also known to be prosperous and renowned for their shipbuilding skills, and they produced papyrus and invented the modern alphabet. It is not known what led to the downfall of Canaan. Tyre and Sidon were the two largest and most significant cities in Canaan. Both were located in modern-day Lebanon. Biblical accounts of the downfall of Canaan do not correspond with archaeological evidence. The downfall could have been related to the invasion of Troy or the fall of the Hittites. By 1100 B.C.E., Canaan had been reduced to a small area in modern-day Lebanon.