Syria is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east and southeast, Jordan to the south, Israel to the southwest and Lebanon to the west. Syria also has a coast on the Mediterranean Sea of approximately 120 miles.Continue Reading
Syria's borders have been in dispute many times throughout history. For example, the borders were redrawn as a result of the Arab-Israeli War. Despite numerous attempts to establish a demilitarized zone, there have been violent clashes over the territory.
The Hatay Province is generally understood to lie within Turkey, although Syria has never officially ceded the area to its neighbor. Generally, however, the Hatay region remains peaceful. The border between Syria and Lebanon is in dispute. Border areas are claimed by both countries, and each country's maps reflect the discrepancy.
The Golan Heights area is also in dispute between Israel and Syria. As a result of the Six-Day War of 1967 and Yom Kippur War of 1973, Israel occupies Golan Heights. It officially annexed the land in 1981. However, Syria is at odds with Israel, demanding it as Syrian territory. Golan Heights has mostly been occupied by Israel in recent times, as of 2015. For these reasons, the common meeting point of Israel, Syria and Lebanon remains unclear.Learn more about Geography