Iraq is bordered by six countries: Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. The borders of Iraq were almost entirely demarcated in 1920 by the League of Nations when the Ottoman Empire was divided by the Treaty of Sèvres.
Iraq, officially known as the Republic of Iraq, is a country that is located in Western Asia. It is one of the countries that make up the Middle East. As of 2014, the population in Iraq was 36,004,552, 97 percent of which are Muslims, mainly Shias, Sunnis and ethnic Kurds. The capital of Iraq is Baghdad. The city, located in the center of the country, has a total area of 872.7 square miles. Baghdad is Iraq's largest city and the second-largest in western Asia.
Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 36 miles on the northern Persian Gulf, and its territory encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. Two notable rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through the center of Iraq and flow into the Shatt al-Arab close to the Persian Gulf.