Afghanistan is bordered by Iran on the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan on the north, China on the northeast, and Pakistan on the east and south. A landlocked country, Afghanistan is located in central Asia in an area known as the Greater Middle East. Its geographic coordinates are 33 00 N, 65 00 E.
About the size of Texas, Afghanistan covers about 250,000 square miles. The Hindu Kush mountain range splits the country in half from east to west. Most of the terrain is rugged, with tall, snow-capped mountains and steep valleys, although there are some plains in the northern and southwestern regions.