The continents that the Equator passes through include Australia and Oceania, South America, Africa and Asia. This imaginary line that circles the world traverses 13 countries: Kiribati in Australia and Oceania; Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil in South America; Sao Tome and Principe, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Kenya, Uganda and Somalia in Africa and Maldives and Indonesia in Asia.
The world is geographically divided into four hemispheres. The Equator is an imaginary line that separates the Earth into two horizontal halves, forming the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere. The Western Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere are formed from the division of the planet into two vertical halves by another imaginary line, known as the Prime Meridian.
The Earth consists of seven major continents: Australia and Oceania, South America, Asia, Africa, North America, Antarctica and Europe. Each continent, which is a massive continuous tract of land, lies in at least two hemispheres. North America is situated in the Western and Northern Hemispheres; Antarctica is in the Southern, Eastern and Western Hemispheres and Europe is located in the Eastern, Western and Northern Hemispheres. The continents that lie on the equator includes Australia and Oceania, which is located in both the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres; South America, which is in the Western, Northern and Southern Hemispheres; and Asia, which lies in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.