The geographic South Pole is located on the continent of Antarctica, and it is the southernmost point on Earth’s surface. Antarctica is the coldest, driest continent on Earth with less than 5 inches of rain per year. Most of it is covered by ice.
Antarctica consists of more than 5 million square miles of land, and it is home to three U.S. research stations. The Antarctic Treaty protects the continent’s ecozone by preventing harmful activities such as mining and nuclear waste disposal. The geomagnetic South Pole constantly moves due to changes in Earth’s magnetic field. As of 2014, it is located off the coast of Antarctica in the Southern Ocean, which surrounds Antarctica.