The country of Lebanon is located on the continent of Asia. It sits within the region called the Middle East and is bordered by Israel, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea.
Lebanon was originally part of the Ottoman Empire, but came under French control following World War I. The country gained its independence in 1943. The capital of the country is Beirut. As of July 2014, the country's population is 5,882,562.
Because of its location between Israel and Syria, the country is frequently in the middle of military conflict. Israel has invaded from the south twice since 1943, and the country has gone through two civil wars in that same time period.