Egypt is located on the continent of Africa and is the most northeastern country in Africa. Egypt shares its borders with Sudan to the south, Libya to the west and Israel to the east.
With the Mediterranean Sea to its north and the Red Sea to its east, Egypt consists of coastlines that stretch nearly 1,900 miles. Its interior terrain consists of desert and floodplains along the Nile river, which is the longest river in the world. With an area of over one million square miles, Egypt is the 30th largest country in the world and is known for its rich history of early civilizations.