Cyprus is part of Europe and is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus is a little more than half the size of Connecticut. The island country gained its independence from Britain on Aug. 16, 1960, according to About.com.
Cyprus has a Mediterranean climate with cool winters and hot, dry summers. The country has approximately 648 kilometers of coastline. The languages spoken in Cyprus are Turkish, Greek and English. Cyprus is a republic, and the people are called "Cypriots." There are Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots due to governmental disputes among the nationals since 1963. The main religions in Cyprus are Greek Orthodox, Islam, Maronite and Armenian Apostolic.