Connecticut, located in the Northeastern United States, was one of the original 13 colonies. It has a population of 3.6 million and formally entered the union on Jan. 9, 1788.
Connecticut is represented by five members in Congress and two senators. Its capital is Hartford, and the state is governed by Democrat Dan Malloy, as of 2015. Connecticut was the fifth state to join the formal union of the United States following the American Revolutionary War. Connecticut's name originates from a Native American word meaning "beside the long tidal river."
Many industries make Connecticut their home, including weapons, helicopter, hardware and cutlery manufacturers. The state is home to a large number of American insurance companies. Connecticut also produces many agricultural products, including eggs, pears and mushrooms. The state harvests the second largest amount of oysters in the United States. Connecticut's ocean shoreline also offers a wide variety of resort opportunities.
Connecticut was first explored by Europeans in the early 1600s and settled soon after, creating the first modern constitution in 1639. Connecticut created the first modern constitution in 1639 after three smaller colonies merged. This constitution, called the Fundamental Orders, protected the rights of free men, including the right to elect public officials. The later U.S. Constitution included many similar provisions and principles in its founding document.