The climate of India varies significantly across the country; some areas are tropical, warm and humid while other areas have desert conditions and the northern locations experience temperate weather patterns. The geography of India varies widely and plays a key role in shaping prevailing climates and weather patterns. India contains seven distinct climate regions: the northern mountains, northern plains, Deccan plateau, Rajastan Desert, west coast, southeastern coastlands and the northeast.
India is quite large, approximately one third of the size of the United States. The climate of India varies widely; some areas experience hot, dry and arid conditions while the mountainous regions experience cold temperatures, have ample amounts of precipitation and experience a change in seasons. India contains permanent frozen snowfields as well as coastlands with tropical climates. The northeastern part of the country receives high volumes of rainfall throughout the year, which creates lush, fertile valleys that support the growth of crops. The different geographical features of India have shaped its climate for a long period of time while seasonal monsoons influence weather patterns on an annual basis. The Asiatic monsoon brings wet, rainy conditions to the southwestern and coastal regions of India for half the year, while cool and dry air settles on those regions for the other half of the year.