Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. There are typically long periods of sunshine throughout the year.Continue Reading
Greece is located in southeastern Europe between the Aegean, Ionian and East Mediterranean Seas. Due to the mountain ranges in the central part of the country, eastern Greece and the areas around Athens can experience drier weather than northern and western Greece. January and February are usually the coldest months of the year, with temperatures averaging from 5 to 10 C at the coasts and 0 to 5 C over the mainland.
Despite the Mediterranean winter being classified as a rainy season, it rarely rains for more than a few days at a time in Greece. The Aegean and Ionian Islands typically experience a milder winter season. The warmest days of the year usually occur in late July and early August, when temperatures can reach 35 C. Skies are mostly clear throughout the summer season, and high temperatures are balanced by coastal breezes and the north winds of the Aegean Sea. The mainland can experience occasional, brief thunderstorms during the summer.Learn more about Greece
Crops that grow in Greece include tomatoes, wheat, corn, sugar beets, pistachios, oranges, olive oil, peaches, nectarines, barley, apples, cotton, rice, figs, almonds, watermelons and tobacco. Greece was the largest producer of cotton and pistachios in the European Union as of 2010 and was the second-largest producer of rice and olives.Full Answer >
The national animal of Greece is the dolphin, which is associated with the Greek god Delphinus. Greece's national bird is the mythical phoenix; its national flower is the violet; and the national tree is the olive tree.Full Answer >
Greece contains numerous physical features, including mountains, lowlands, plains and coastal areas. Beaches, rivers and large tracts of open land cover the surface of Greece as do forests and lakes. Greece divides into three distinct geographical areas, and its islands contain differing topography and even climates, hosting various species of trees, plants and animals.Full Answer >
The major landforms of Greece are islands, hills, mountains and volcanoes. Almost 1,500 islands belong to Greece, some of which contain extinct and inactive volcanoes.Full Answer >