Due to the northern location of Canada, its climate is colder than other North American and South American countries. There are four distinct weather seasons in most parts of the country.
Canada is one of the largest countries in the world by area. However, most of its population is located near the southern border that is shared with the United States. The climate varies substantially between cities and provinces. In general, Vancouver is known as the warmest province, while the northern territories have the coldest temperatures. There are also substantial weather effects in provinces that lie on one of the three ocean coasts that surround Canada.