The climate of Hawaii is predominantly mild and characterized by the persistent flow of trade winds coming from the northeasterly direction. The tropical island has small annual variations in temperatures and rare occurrences of heavy storms.
Hawaii experiences only two seasons: summer, known to the locals as "Kau," and winter, which is called "Hooilo" in Hawaiian. The state is divided into seven geographical regions based on the direction of wind exposure. These areas include lower mountain slopes on leeward side, windward lowlands, the Kona Coast of Hawaii, interior lowlands, leeward lowlands, high mountains and rainy mountain slopes on leeward side. Significant temperature changes in Hawaii only occur at very high altitudes. Otherwise, the average range between the warm and cold seasons does not exceed 9 degrees Fahrenheit.