What Are Some Facts About the Climate of the Boreal Forest in Canada?


Quick Answer

The boreal forests of Canada generally feature cold weather and can vary in precipitation between approximately 8 and 78 inches annually. A large portion of this precipitation is in the form of snow. Winters are long and harsh, while summers are short and mild. When the snows melt during warmer months, the lack of heat causes little evaporation. This heavily contributes to the damp, boggy nature of these forests.

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What Are Some Facts About the Climate of the Boreal Forest in Canada?
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Full Answer

Boreal forests, or taiga, are also native to northern Russia and much of Scandanavia. Trees are mostly coniferous and include various types of pine, tamarack, balsam fir and spruces. Canadian boreal forests are located south of Canada's tundra regions and north of its temperate rain forests and deciduous woodlands. More than a million square miles of boreal forests extend throughout Canada, making them among the largest on the planet. A significant amount faces little-to-no human disturbance. Subsequently, Canadian boreal forests are also a refuge for wildlife.

The life cycle of Canadian boreal forests includes a natural dependence on fire for regeneration. Many plant species cannot grow without annual fire, as it recycles nutrients and clears paths for new growth. This combines with the damp, cool conditions of summer to encourage fast growth. As such, much of the plant life in boreal forests is actually younger than it may appear.

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