In 2015, the main causes of poverty in Ethiopia are natural disasters and poorly developed agricultural practices. Other causes of poverty in the country are unstable global markets, the spread of HIV/AIDS and malaria, lack of basic infrastructure, and lack of participation in awareness programs and policy-making processes.Continue Reading
In 2015, 80 percent of people in Ethiopia depend on subsistence agriculture. Hence, inefficiencies in agricultural production intensify poverty in this country. Agricultural productivity in Ethiopia is low in 2015 because of the country's lack of agricultural technology. Ethiopian agriculture is typically low on inputs such as pesticides and fertilizer, and most farms rely on rainwater for irrigation. Crops therefore suffer greatly from droughts and other natural disasters. Lack of ability and planning to overcome droughts results in periodic famines. Volatile global markets result in even less access to food supplies when global prices of food and fertilizers increase.
Other factors contributing to poverty in Ethiopia include a lack of basic services and infrastructure such as safe drinking water, health care and education. HIV/AIDS and malaria greatly damage the health of many Ethiopians and kill young people who are the most important providers for their households. People living in rural areas have the least access to services and awareness programs, and have reduced ability to influence policy decisions that are relevant to them. This lack of awareness and involvement reduces people's ability to change their situation.Learn more about Africa
Excluding a brief Italian occupation that lasted from 1936 to 1941, Ethiopia holds the distinction of being the only African country that was not subjected under colonial rule. Throughout its long historical existence that is said to date back about 2,000 years ago, Ethiopia remains the oldest independent African nation and one of the most ancient civilizations in the world.Full Answer >
In Ethiopia, the calendar lags roughly seven years behind that of Europe and North America; in 2013 Ethiopians celebrated the coming of 2006 and in 2014 the coming of 2007. The New Year in Ethiopia falls on September 11 or September 12 in the case of a leap year.Full Answer >
The causes of poverty in Kenya include extreme health problems, drought and unequal distribution of wealth. Diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS have increased the poverty of the population. The vast majority of Kenyans live in rural areas and lack access to clean water and adequate health care.Full Answer >
Ethiopia was occupied by Italy from May 9, 1936 to May 5, 1941, and was part of the Italian colony of Italian East Africa. Prior to this occupation, Italy had made a failed attempt during the 1880s to claim Ethiopia as a colony.Full Answer >