Salt Lake City is the capital of Utah. Founded in 1847 by a group of Mormon pioneers, the city had a population of 191,180 in 2013, making it the largest city in Utah.
Salt Lake City's metropolitan area is even larger, hosting a population of 1.1 million in 2013. The city began as a refuge for followers of the Church of Latter Day Saints, or Mormons, who had faced persecution back east. When founded, the area was part of Mexico, but Mexico soon ceded this land to the United States in 1848 at the end of the Mexican-American War. Originally, these settlers called their area the "State of Deseret," but this title changed to "Utah Territory" in 1850. The city is home to the Salt Lake Temple, an important Mormon religious site, as well as the state capitol building, and visitors have easy access to skiing and snowboarding.