The capital and largest city of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat. Ashgabat has a total area of 170 square miles at an elevation of about 700 feet above sea level. The city had a population of around 1 million people in 2012.
Turkmenistan is situated in central Asia between the countries of Iran and Kazakhstan. Turkmenistan also borders the Caspian Sea and the countries of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. Turkmenistan includes a total area of approximately 190,000 square miles, making it the 53rd-largest country in the world. The country has a population of about 5.1 million people as of 2014, making it the 120th-most populated country in the world.