The capital of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh. It is the largest city in Saudi Arabia, home to approximately 5.7 million people. Saudi Arabia is the largest country on the Arabian Peninsula and has a population of roughly 27 million people as of July 2013.
Saudi Arabia's government is an absolute monarchy with compliance to Sharia, as Islamic law is known. The reigning monarch, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, has held the throne since 2005. The King is assisted in his official duties by an appointed Crown Prince and a Cabinet of 22 government ministries handling various functions such as foreign affairs, education and finance. The country is divided into 13 provinces, each with its own governor, deputy governor and governor's council.