What Is the Capital of Quebec?

capital-quebec Credit: Dennis Jarvis/CC-BY-SA 2.0

The capital of the Canadian province of Quebec is Quebec City. It is the second-most populous city in the province after Montreal. The city was founded in 1608 at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Saint Charles rivers, making it one of the oldest in northern North America.

The Historic District of Old Quebec, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, contains the oldest fortified city walls of a settlement north of Mexico on the continent. The city was the site of many battles during the four Intercolonial Wars of the 17th and 18th century. The final of these wars, known as the Seven Years' War, saw Quebec City in three major engagements. Britain captured the city from the French in 1759; after the war, France ceded the entire region to the British.