Boston is the capital of Massachusetts, the New England state known for its large hook of land that juts into the Atlantic Ocean. This stretch of land is known as Cape Cod and lies well to the south of Beantown.
The city rests on eastern Massachusetts' Inner Harbor, which connects to the Atlantic. Boston was first incorporated as a town in 1630 and as a city in 1822. With a population of more than 600,000, it is the largest of the six New England state capitals and the region's cultural and economical hub. Other capital cities include Augusta (Maine), Concord (New Hampshire), Montpelier (Vermont), Hartford (Connecticut) and Providence (Rhode Island).