The capital of Kuwait is Kuwait City. This is also Kuwait's largest city, and it has a metropolitan population of 2.23 million as of 2009. Its name comes from the Arabic "kut," which means "fort."
Kuwait City began in the 1700s as a relatively small mud-walled city that earned money from fishing, pearling and trading. After a period of wealth in the 18th and 19th centuries, the city's economy began to decay in the 20th century. However, with the discovery of oil, the city's economy started flourishing after World War II. The city tore down most of its mud wall in 1957, and it began building luxury apartments, modern roads, sophisticated financial centers and elegant parks, creating today's advanced metropolis.