The capital of Italy is Rome. Rome is also the capital of the Roma province and the Lazio region, as well as the seat of the Roman Catholic Church.
Rome is located in the center of the Italian Peninsula. It is situated on the Tiber River. Rome was the ancient capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. The people and practices of ancient Rome had a lasting political and cultural impact on Western civilization that is still evident in modern times. The city has an estimated area of 496 square miles and a population of roughly 2.5 million inhabitants as of 2001.