The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, also known as Ciudad de Guatemala or Guatemala de la Asuncion. Guatemala City was established in 1776 to replace the old capital, Antigua Guatemala.
Guatemala City is the political, commercial and cultural hub of Guatemala. It existed under several administrations, including Agustin de Iturbide's Mexican Empire, the Central American Federation and the Republic of Guatemala. Aside from being the seat of government, Guatemala City is also responsible for generating more than 50 percent of the country's total economic output. Some of its famous landmarks are the National Archaeological Museum, San Carlos University of Guatemala, Olympic City and the churches of Santo Domingo and San Francisco.