In 1868, the constitutional convention held in Georgia designated the city of Atlanta as the state capital. The voters of Georgia redesignated it as such in a separate election held in December 1877.
Atlanta is the fifth different city that has served as the capital of Georgia. When Georgia became a state in 1776, the state's government met in the city of Savannah until the British captured the city during the Revolutionary War, at which point the government moved between Savannah and Augusta.
In 1786, Augusta officially took the place of Savannah as the capital of Georgia. Due to the location of Augusta, many Georgians wanted a more central location for the capital, necessitating the relocation of the capital to Louisville in the late 1790s. The final capital before the move to Atlanta was Milledgeville, the location of Georgia's government from the 1811 until after the Civil War.